Florin Stoican

This description of Florin Stoican's work was prepared when Florin Stoican was elected to the Ashoka Fellowship in 2018 .

Introduction

Building on his own experience in establishing Romania's first citizen-led national parks, Florin is catalyzing a citizen-driven movement for the creation of a functional system for protected areas in Romania. By connecting urban and rural communities through nature, he is creating incentive structures for businesses and individuals to unlock and exchange resources, showing how they can gain benefits from conservation.

The New Idea

Romania has some of the highest levels of biodiversity and last remaining virgin forests in Europe. Yet, almost 55% of its protected areas are in public neglect. Florin is catalyzing a citizen-driven movement for the creation of a functional conservation system for protected areas in Romania.

Florin established Buila Vanturarita, the first citizen-led Natural Park, and Vacaresti, Romania's only urban Natural Park located in the capital city. He learnt that in countries lacking a political vision, strategy, management or public funds for conservation, building exemplary models of park administration is not enough to change the conservation system. To unleash a lasting change, he is aligning interests of conservationists, urban, rural and business communities and activating new incentive structures to engage them in nature preservation, spread new conservation standards and advocate for a stronger commitment from the state.

Capitalizing the strategic position of Vacaresti urban park, situated in an area that has over 10% of Romania’s population, Florin is creating a National Embassy for Protected Areas. This is an advertising endeavour for all other forgotten parks and reserves across the country, 55% of which do not have a warden or conservation manager. He is transforming this park into a gateway project for preserving Romania's natural heritage.

Florin engages visitors in interactive exploration and conservation experiences and showcases other natural heritage sites across the country. He is thus strengthening the urban sensitivity for nature and building a constituency for conservation among citizens who understand themselves as an integral part of natural systems. Crucially, the project leverages the park's location and visibility in the capital city, where decisions are being made and where 50% of the financial resources lay, to convince businesses of the value nature represents for consumers. Florin guides private investments towards protected areas across the country which need resources in order to develop a sustainable conservation infrastructure. Using his experience in prototyping collaborative, grassroots and citizen-led conservation projects in Buila park, he is creating blueprints and workshops to support local groups across the country to develop new infrastructures for conservation.

Unlike other citizen-led conservation projects in Central Eastern Europe, Florin's idea goes well beyond the protection of a specific area or advocacy campaigns. He is increasing the national demand for nature, funnelling private resources for conservation from the center towards the periphery and providing support to local leadership and park administrations. Within ten years, he envisions to foment the spread of a citizen-led and effective conservation model across the country. This will hopefully engender a political vision and strategy for conservation and inspire neighboring countries to adopt bottom-up approaches.

The Strategy

To trigger a bottom-up transformation of the way conservation is understood and undertaken across the country and the region, Florin has developed a three-tier strategy targeting citizens, business and leaders of protected areas. His ultimate goal is that the state takes responsibility for conservation, through citizen pressure, while encouraging citizen-led and participatory projects to preserve the natural heritage.

Florin's thinking has been strongly influenced by his experience as a young student, when together with a team of volunteer colleagues, he went through the burdensome process of establishing Buila-Vanturarita National Park. Within a few years, he turned the park into an exemplary model of citizen-based conservation and local community-based economic development. Fueled by this experience and unhappy with the state of conservation in Romania, when he engaged in establishing the first urban park in the country, Vacaresti Park, in addition to its unique biodiversity, Florin immediately understood the enormous political, economic and visibility opportunities it could offer for the entire natural ecosystem. The 183 hectares of wetland in the middle of the capital city of Bucharest were formed on the site of a hydrotechnical project left unfinished by the Communist regime. Tapping into its strategic location, accessible to over 10% of the country's population, Florin is building in Vacaresti Romania's Embassy for Protected Areas, a place where citizens can connect with nature and discover not only one park, but all other forgotten parks and reserves across the country, most of which do not have a warden or conservation manager. By offering wildlife experiences, he educates and engages a new generation of tourists, environmentalists and active citizens who will not only visit other parks in Romania and support their conservation, but will put on the necessary pressure for policy change and its implementation. He believes that when environmental protection becomes a societal value, law implementation through governmental structures will follow naturally. In just over a year, his team has already received hundreds of requests from schools and families for thematic and wildlife tours. Thanks to Florin's previous experiences in engaging over 5000 children as Junior Rangers at Buila Park, they have launched the Urban Ranger program, engaging citizens to make the park a living school while also protecting it. They are also planning tent trips for schools and families, and building a glass astronomical observation point.

At Buila, Florin has also learnt the importance of building trust through transparency, facilitating open conversations and aligning interests in order to engage local leaders, the community, authorities, researchers and businesses in the conservation process. Instead of seeing the park as a restriction, they need to be enabled to regain their entrepreneurial spirit, a skill that was severely diminished during the communist period, and put to good use the opportunities that a protected area offers. Villagers saw the opportunity to open inns for the increasing number of tourists and some even got their region recognized as a European ecotourism destination. In Vacaresti Park, to coalesce the conservation and local community, Florin assembled a truly multi-stakeholder platform, engaging 48 organizations, including ministries, national agencies for conservation, police, city halls, universities, non-profit organizations such as WWF and the Scouts, health departments, hotels, sports associations, botanical garden, schools, shopping mall and museums. He is currently focusing on scaling this network at the national level, turning the Embassy into a true collaboration space.

In parallel, using once again the park's strategic location and visibility in the capital city, where decisions are being made and where 50% of the financial resources lay, Florin is engaging companies to see the value for their own business in protecting the environment. Having understood the health, social and financial benefits of nature to their clients' lives, companies in the fields of energy, water and retail such as Enel (the largest utility in Romania), La Fantana (a water distribution company) and Kaufland (the largest retailer in Romania), as well as banks such as Alpha Bank and Transilvania Bank, have already contributed over 250.000 euro for 2018 and are now interested in a long-term partnership. At present, he has started to facilitate matches between parks across the country and corporate partners in order to direct corporate investments towards those protected areas which need it the most. Florin is building urban-rural coalitions that demonstrate that conservation and local economic development can successfully go hand in hand.

Last but not least, Florin's strategy focuses on the dissemination of tested approaches for developing effective ecosystems for conservation in protected areas. Building on his own experience and working principles used in Buila and Vacaresti, he knows how important social capital is for the sustainability of a conservation project and for this, local leadership is key. He is developing toolkits and blueprints on how to establish and manage a protected area in a sustainable way in order to support park administrators, wardens or citizens who would like to conserve natural heritage. He also plans to launch a Knowledge and Education Hub to promote research, disseminate conservation standards and transfer positive tested and successful approaches across the country. Florin is also working to introduce the conservation manager in the code of occupations and provide educational opportunities for conservation professionals.

Florin's measure of success is difficult to quantify in the short-term. He works for the conservation of habitats and species which are essential for the benefit of human life. In Buila, 4.500 hectares, of which 3.000 hectares of forests, were saved from exploitation. Based on empirical observations, the conservation status of alpine meadows, rock and calcareous habitats, as well as the number of black goats, deer, bears, wolves and rays have increased. Florin proved that 300.000 euro invested in holistic community engagement for development and conservation generated a value added of 30 million euro in the region, including in ecosystem services. The number of tourists increased over 100 times in just few years: over 25.000 tourists benefit from the thematic trails, biking trails and tours combining nature with local stories, culture and tradition or the speleology summer camps.

By channeling resources, supporting the development of local infrastructure for conservation and generating more demand for nature from the cities, while activating communities of sensitized citizens and investors, Florin's impact has already started to grow exponentially. Activities in Vacaresti Park are being followed by over 60.000 people, opening up the potential for a bottom-up movement. Having inspired and supported various other initiatives across the country, Florin is also looking to transfer the know-how acquired across the region and in African states confronted with similar challenges.

The Person

Growing up in a small village in the South Carpathians in communist Romania, Florin spent his childhood wandering freely in the mountains. In high school, he started to organize exploration trips for his classmates and came to understand the natural and cultural wealth of his region. After studying tourism and the history of arts and travelling across the country, he returned to his village as a tourism guide. He started to spend more time with the local community, looking into its history, understanding its needs and helping his father build wooden houses. As a result, he saw the deep reliance of people on the natural heritage and resources. Unfortunately, with the 1998 policy of land restitution transferring ownership from the state to the original private owners, Florin also witnessed continuous natural degradation due to business and personal interests. Moreover, after the 1999 solar eclipse, he was appalled by the effects of uncontrolled tourism in his childhood mountains.

While continuing his education in Geology in Bucharest, Florin and a group of friends decided to protect the area and sent an in-depth scientific study making the case for conservation to the Romanian Academy. The Academy confirmed the importance of conservation and recommended to the government to establish the national park Buila-Vanturarita - the first ever park established at the initiative of a citizen group.

The administration of Buila-Vanturarita National Park was initially attributed to Romsilva, the Romanian state-owned enterprise responsible for forests, hunting and fishing. Using his know-how, determination and reputation, Florin succeeded in making the case for the first ever partnership between Romsilva and a non-profit organisation in the management of the park. Though not always a comfortable setting, this allowed Florin and his team of over 200 volunteers to transform the park in a national model of community engagement for conservation and development. While remaining engaged as a volunteer in his association and starting new initiatives in Bucharest, since 2011 Florin has acquired the expertise in how to generate systemic change in conservation in Romania and across the region. As a sustainability and compliance auditor at Ikea, he worked crossborder in fields such as water and waste management, energy efficiency, environmental impact assessments and emergency systems and supply chains. A true intrapreneur in Ikea, he has developed new standards for forest exploitations in protected areas that have influenced public policy across the country.